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RECNET Report: “Sustainable Urbanisation in the Paris Agreement”

New 22/11/2016
The RECNET Report "Sustainable Urbanisation in the Paris Agreement: Comparative review for urban content in the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)” was presented in Side Event on Cities at Marrakech COP22-CMP12 Un Climate Change Conference.

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The 2015 UN Climate Change Conference, the twenty-first session of the UNFCCC Conference of the Parties -COP-21 was convened in Paris, France in December 2015, it was the largest UN conference ever seen, with 37.878 participants, including 20.000 government/parties representatives, 8.000 IGOs/NGOs observers, and 3.000 media.



By 2030, almost 60 per cent of the world’s population will live in urban áreas. 95 per cent of urban expansion in the next decades will take place in developing world. 828 million people live in slums today and the number keeps rising. The world’s cities occupy just 3 per cent of the Earth’s land, but account for 60-80 per cent of energy consumption and 75 per cent of carbon emissions. Rapid urbanization is exerting pressure on fresh wáter supplies, sewage, the living environment, and public health. But the high density of cities can bring efficiency gains and technological innovation while reducing resource and energy consumption (UNDP SDG Goal 11 facts and figures).

Summary of Findins:

  • 110 Countries included “urban content” in their NDC, in particular in rapidly urbanizing regions of Africa and Asia
  • Current Challenges identified related to flooding
  • Actions foreseen in NDCs cover both in Mitigation and Adaptation
  • Significant Mitigation Potential in urban sectors where action is foreseen, ‘low-hanging fruit type interventions
  •  Requests for support in finance and technology transfer
  •  Together with the commitment of subnational governments, high potential for vertical integration of climate action to achieve national goals

PDF Presentation:

COP22 NDC Presentation 15 Nov


Robert Kehew, Marcus Mayr

Lead Authors:

Dr. Nicola Tollin, Recycling Cities International Network RECNET, International Program on Urban Resilience RESURBE and University of Bradford

Prof. Dr. Johannes Hamhaber, TH Köholn University of Applied Science and Recycling Cities International Network RECNET


Dr. Stelios Grafakos, Institute for Housing and Urban Development Studies (IHS), Erasmus University Rotterdam; Dr. Shuaib Lwasa, Makerere University;

Prof. Dr. Jordi Morato, Recycling Cities International Network RECNET and UNESCO Chair on Sustainability at Technical University of Catalunya


Lucia Benavides TH Köln; Ursula Cockburn, TH Köln; Teresa Moran RECNET; Aline Lusieux Alves de Oliveira, TH Köln; Richard Orth, TH Köln; Elena Ensenado, IHS Erasmus University Rotterdam; Kate Trigg, IHS Erasmus University Rotterdam

Supporting Organizations:

Recycling Cities International Network RECNET, RESURBE International Program on Urban Resilience, UNESCO Chair on Sustainability at Technical University of Catalunya Technical University of Cologne,Institute for Housing and Urban Development Studies (IHS) Erasmus University Rotterdam, Makerere University, National Autonomous University of Mexico, AdaptChile

Pages: 82.

Year: 2016

Pages from FOR EMAIL ONLY-Sustainable Urbanization in the Paris Agreement full3

Related Topics

UNESCO Chair on Sustainability